December 19, 2021 3 min read

Vehicles have a number of different methods of attaching accessories to the roof. Below, we’ve listed the possible variations to help you understand the crossbars and towers you’ll need to install your tent on your vehicle

A few important points to start off:

  • All you need to install a 4X4 Colorado Tent is a set of crossbars (the bars which go horizontally across your roof).
  • The crossbars should be at least 30 inches apart and have a weight rating that is equal to or greater than the weight of the tent.
  • It’s not important which style of crossbar you have (round, square, aero, etc.), although the aero style bars do provide a wider platform for your tent.
  • Roof racks are rated for DYNAMIC loads (e.g., when you're rocking side to side down a rough trail, or under hard braking) – the load that the vehicle and rack can carry when you’re parked is a STATIC load and can be as much as 7x the dynamic rating.

Rain Gutters

These are the small “gutters” on the edge of the roof which can accept a tower that will hold crossbars.

To prepare a vehicle for a tent, you’ll need a set of “gutter-mount” towers and matching crossbars.

Thule, Yakima, and Rhino Rack all make suitable towers and crossbars for gutters.

Bare Roof

Most vehicles on the road today have bare roofs with no rails or racks preinstalled.

For these vehicles, Thule racks provide the best match between the rack and the specific vehicle, the shape of its roof and door jam, etc. Yakima and Rhino Rack also make vehicle-specific towers and racks and these are also great options.

Raised Rails

The next most common roof type is the raised side rails found on the majority of SUVs, wagons, and minivans. Raised rails are factory-installed roof attachments that run from front to back on the outer edges of the vehicle’s roof.

The “raised” rails are distinguished by being open between the rail and the roof – like you can wrap your hand all the way around the rail.

Connecting a crossbar system to raised rails is straightforward and not vehicle specific, you just need crossbars and the foot pack. Raised rails offer the versatility to choose the optimum crossbar location to best support the tent.

Flushed Rails

These rails are similar to the raised rails above but are flush to the roof without any space between the rail and the roof.

There is usually an inner and/or outer groove that allows the connection of a crossbar system. Thule uses a special set of fit kits specifically for flush side rails to provide precise integration to the rail.

Flush side rails offer the versatility to choose the optimum crossbar location to support a tent.

Tracks

Tracks run from front to back along side the outer edges of the vehicle’s roof and are a channel, usually with some kind of threaded inserts, rather than a raised rail.

The channels offer versatility in positioning of the crossbars from front to back along the length of the tracks. Thule Top Tracks can be custom installed onto truck fiberglass camper shells tops and sheet metal roof tops as well.

These attachment methods require drilling, but offer an excellent solution when other attachment methods are not available

We hope our crossbars guide gives you the confidence and knowledge to get ready to explore the freedom and adventure that roof top tent camping can offer.

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